Sherpas observe and celebrate number of colorful festivals throughout the year. Most important of them are Losar and Dumjee.
Losar Losar is observed to celebrate the New Year. According to their calendar (Sherpa, or Tibetan). The New Year falls in late February and early March. During the festival Sherpas perform the act of cleaning the house for auspicious dining the ritual food and virtuous deeds. They try not to collect the debts during the occasions. While holding Kansur rites, especially village and clan god and spirits are given offerings for the renewing of the protection of the village. During each month, on the eighth, tenth, fifteenth and thirtieth dayï¿½s people offer tso (rice cones) and torma and go on little pilgrimages. The eighth day of each month commemorates Senge Mella,the medicine Buddha. On the tenth day of each month is is Tse Chu, when Guru Rimpoche returns to earth. The fifteenth day is when Opame, the Buddha of infinite light, visits and the thirtieth day is the Buddhas auspicious day.
seventh to the thirteen days of the fifth month. The tenth day
celebrates the anniversary of Guru Rinpoche’s birth on a lotus flower.
Another day commemorates when Lama Sanga Dorje attained enlightenment.This
festival serves as a religious and community duty to bring the
villagers together. Each family has its turn to provide the festival
for the village. In each village (Khumjung, Pangboche, Namche, Thame)
eight families a year have a turn at Sponsoring Dumjee. Eventually
everybody has a turn. To prepare for the festival, on the seventh day
of the month, the year’s sponsor hold a meeting and the next day they
arrange all the cooking utensils and food. On the ninth day the Dumjee
laws (Sponsors), eight families from the village, begin giving rice to
all the other villagers.Special torma used at Dumje are made according to the mystic diagrams specified for the pujah called Thugdup yang Nying Duepa.